Akkuma Beekamu Guyyaa Arraa 22/01/2015 Bulchaan Yaman (Abdurabo Mansur Hadi) fi Muumichi Ministera Biyyattii Sababii Jeequmsa Biyyattii keesa deemaa jiru isaanii oltehuudhaan Hujii gadhiisan,
Sababa kanaaf Yaroo ammaa kana Biyti Yaman tan Mootummaa hinqabne yootaatu,Kuniis Fuldureen Nageenya Baqattoota Oromoo biyya Yaman kan Balaaf kan Saaxilame tahuun Hawaasa Baqattoota Oromoo Haalaan Yaachisaa jira.
Kanaaf Waajjirri Tokkummaa Baqattoota Hawaasa Oromoo Yaman, iyyata Lammummaa Oromummaa Gara Hawaasa keenya kanneen Biyya Ambbaa keesa Jiran ammallee Miidiyaalee Dhimma Hawaasa Baqattoota Oromootiif Dhaabbatan akkasuma Walii gala Warroota Rakkina Baqattoota Oromootiif dhaabbatan Maraahu akka Haala Rakkoo Baqattootni Oromoo Biyya Yaman yaroo ammaa Keesa Jiraataa jiran Kana Hubattanii Gocha barbaachisu Hojjachuun Lubbuu Baqattoota Oromoo Kumaantamaan lakkaawamu Balaa kana jalaa baraartan, Maqaa Baqattoota Oromoo Biyya Yamaniin Kabajaan isin gaafanna,
Koree Waajjira Kominiiti Tokkummaa Baqattoota Hawaasa Oromoo Yaman,
Leaked World Bank report rejects claims from the Bank’s management that no link existed between their programme and villagisation.
January 21, 2015 (The Guardian) — A major UK- and World Bank-funded development programme inEthiopia may have contributed to the violent resettlement of a minority ethnic group, a leaked report reveals.
The UK’s Department for International Development was the primary funder of a World Bank-run development project aimed at improving health, education and public services in Ethiopia, contributing more than £388m of UK taxpayer funds to the project.
However, a scathing draft report of the World Bank’s internal watchdog said that due to inadequate oversight, bad audit practices, and a failure to follow its own rules, the Bank has allowed operational links to form between its programme and the Ethiopian government’s controversial resettlement programme.
Multiple human rights groups operating in the region have criticised the Ethiopian government’s programme for violently driving tens of thousands of indigenous people, predominantly from the minority Anuak Christian ethnic group, from their homes in order to make way for commercial agriculture projects – allegations the Ethiopian government denies.
Many of those resettled remain in poor conditions lacking even basic facilities in refugee camps inSouth Sudan.
The leaked World Bank report, obtained by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists and seen by the Guardian, rejected claims from the Bank’s management that no link existed between their programme and villagisation.
According to the report, weak audit controls meant bank funds – which included over £300m from the UK’s Department for International Development – could have been diverted to implement villagisation.
The report did not itself examine whether the resettlement programme had involved human rights abuses, saying such questions were outside its remit.
However, the watchdog highlighted a series of failures in the planning and implementation of the programme, including a major oversight in its failure to undertake full risk-assessments as required by bank protocol. Crucially for the Anuak people, the bank did not apply required safeguards to protect indigenous groups.
Anuradha Mittal, the founder of the Oakland Institute, a California-based development NGO which is active in the region, said DfID was an active participant in the programme, and should share responsibility for its failings.
“Along with the World Bank and other donors, DfID support constitutes not only financial support but a nod of approval for the Ethiopian regime to bring about ‘economic development’ for the few at the expense of basic human rights and livelihoods of its economically and politically most marginalised ethnic groups,” she said.
Mittal was also critical of the World Bank panel’s draft findings, falling short of directly implicating the World Bank and its fellow donors in the resettlement programme.
“It is quite stunning that the panel does not think that the World Bank is responsible for villagisation-related widespread abuses in Ethiopia resulting in destruction of livelihoods, forced displacement of Anuaks from their fertile lands and forests.”
Disclosure of the draft report’s findings come as the UK government faces increasing scrutiny over its involvement in villagisation.
DfID is the project’s largest donor and in March ministers will face a judicial review over whether the UK’s contributions indirectly funded the resettlement programme. The case has been brought by a farmer from the Gambela region who claims he was violently evicted from his land.
Responding to the report’s findings, David Pred of Inclusive Development International – the NGO which filed the original complaint on the Anuak group’s behalf – said: “The Bank has enabled the forcible transfer of tens of thousands of indigenous people from their ancestral lands.
“The Bank today just doesn’t want to see human rights violations, much less accept that it bears some responsibility when it finances those violations.”
A World Bank spokesman declined to answer the Guardian’s questions about the report.
“As is standard procedure, World Bank staff cannot comment on the results of the inspection panel’s investigation until the executive board of the World Bank Group has had the opportunity to review the panel’s report over the coming weeks.”
In previous statements the bank’s management said there was no evidence of widespread abuses or evictions.
Asked about the findings, a DfID spokesman said: “We do not comment on leaked reports.
“Britain’s support to the Promotion of Basic Services Programme is specifically for the provision of essential services like healthcare, schooling and clean water, and we have no evidence that UK funds have been diverted for other purposes.”
Source: The Guardian
Legal, Policy Reforms Crucial Prior to May Elections
January 22, 2015, Nairobi (Human Rights Watch) – The Ethiopian government’s systematic repression of independent media has created a bleak landscape for free expression ahead of the May 2015 general elections, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today. In the past year, six privately owned publications closed after government harassment; at least 22 journalists, bloggers, and publishers were criminally charged, and more than 30 journalists fled the country in fear of being arrested under repressive laws.
The 76-page report, “‘Journalism is Not a Crime’: Violations of Media Freedom in Ethiopia,” details how the Ethiopian government has curtailed independent reporting since 2010. Human Rights Watch interviewed more than 70 current and exiled journalists between May 2013 and December 2014, and found patterns of government abuses against journalists that resulted in 19 being imprisoned for exercising their right to free expression, and that have forced at least 60 others into exile since 2010.
“Ethiopia’s government has systematically assaulted the country’s independent voices, treating the media as a threat rather than a valued source of information and analysis,” said Leslie Lefkow, deputy Africa director. “Ethiopia’s media should be playing a crucial role in the May elections, but instead many journalists fear that their next article could get them thrown in jail.”
Most of Ethiopia’s print, television, and radio outlets are state-controlled, and the few private print media often self-censor their coverage of politically sensitive issues for fear of being shut down.
The six independent print publications that closed in 2014 did so after a lengthy campaign of intimidation that included documentaries on state-run television that alleged the publications were linked to terrorist groups. The intimidation also included harassment and threats against staff, pressure on printers and distributors, regulatory delays, and eventually criminal charges against the editors. Dozens of staff members went into exile. Three of the owners were convicted under the criminal code and sentenced in absentia to more than three years in prison. The evidence the prosecution presented against them consisted of articles that criticized government policies.
While the plight of a few high-profile Ethiopian journalists has become widely known, dozens more in Addis Ababa and in rural regions have suffered systematic abuses at the hands of security officials.
The threats against journalists often take a similar course. Journalists who publish a critical article might receive threatening telephone calls, text messages, and visits from security officials and ruling party cadres. Some said they received hundreds of these threats. If this does not silence them or intimidate them into self-censorship, then the threats intensify and arrests often follow. The courts have shown little or no independence in criminal cases against journalists who have been convicted after unfair trials and sentenced to lengthy prison terms, often on terrorism-related charges.
“Muzzling independent voices through trumped-up criminal charges and harassment is making Ethiopia one of the world’s biggest jailers of journalists,” Lefkow said. “The government should immediately release those wrongly imprisoned and reform laws to protect media freedom.”
Most radio and television stations in Ethiopia are government-affiliated, rarely stray from the government position, and tend to promote government policies and tout development successes. Control of radio is crucial politically given that more than 80 percent of Ethiopia’s population lives in rural areas, where the radio is still the main medium for news and information. The few private radio stations that cover political events are subjected to editing and approval requirements by local government officials. Broadcasters who deviate from approved content have been harassed, detained, and in many cases forced into exile.
The government has also frequently jammed broadcasts and blocked the websites of foreign and diaspora-based radio and television stations. Staff working for broadcasters face repeated threats and harassment, as well as intimidation of their sources or people interviewed on international media outlets. Even people watching or listening to these services have been arrested.
The government has also used a variety of more subtle but effective administrative and regulatory restrictions such as hampering efforts to form journalist associations, delaying permits and renewals of private publications, putting pressure on the few printing presses and distributors, and linking employment in state media to ruling party membership.
Social media are also heavily restricted, and many blog sites and websites run by Ethiopians in the diaspora areblocked inside Ethiopia. In April, the authorities arrested six people from Zone 9, a blogging collective that provides commentary on social, political, and other events of interest to young Ethiopians, and charged them under the country’s counterterrorism law and criminal code. Their trial, along with other media figures, has been fraught with various due process concerns. On January 14, 2015, it was adjourned for the 16th time and they have now been jailed for over 260 days. The arrest and prosecution of the Zone 9 bloggers has had a wider chilling effect on freedom of expression in Ethiopia, especially among critically minded bloggers and online activists.
The increased media repression will clearly affect the media landscape for the May elections,.
“The government still has time to make significant reforms that would improve media freedoms before the May elections,” Lefkow said. “Amending oppressive laws and freeing jailed journalists do not require significant time or resources, but only the political will for reform.”
Source: Human Rights Watch
November 20, 2014 (Amnesty International) — A new tool to enable journalists and human rights defenders to scan their computers for known surveillance spyware has been released today by Amnesty International and a coalition of human rights and technology organizations.
Detekt is the first tool to be made available to the public that detects major known surveillance spyware, some of which is used by governments, in computers.
Governments are increasingly using dangerous and sophisticated technology that allows them to read activists and journalists’ private emails and remotely turn on their computer’s camera or microphone to secretly record their activities. They use the technology in a cowardly attempt to prevent abuses from being exposed.
Marek Marczynski, Head of Military, Security and Police at Amnesty International.
Detekt is a simple tool that will alert activists to such intrusions so they can take action. It represents a strike back against governments who are using information obtained through surveillance to arbitrarily detain, illegally arrest and even torture human rights defenders and journalists.
Marek Marczynski, Head of Military, Security and Police at Amnesty International.
“Governments are increasingly using dangerous and sophisticated technology that allows them to read activists and journalists’ private emails and remotely turn on their computer’s camera or microphone to secretly record their activities. They use the technology in a cowardly attempt to prevent abuses from being exposed,” said Marek Marczynski, Head of Military, Security and Police at Amnesty International.
“Detekt is a simple tool that will alert activists to such intrusions so they can take action. It represents a strike back against governments who are using information obtained through surveillance to arbitrarily detain, illegally arrest and even torture human rights defenders and journalists.”
The adoption and trade in communication surveillance technologies has grown exponentially in recent years.
The Coalition Against Unlawful Surveillance Exports, of which Amnesty International is a member, estimates the annual global trade in surveillance technologies to be worth US$5 billion, and growing.
Some surveillance technology is widely available on the internet; while other more sophisticated alternatives are developed by private companies based in developed countries and sold to state law enforcement and intelligence agencies in countries that persistently commit human rights violations.
FinFisher, a German firm that used to be part of UK-based Gamma International, developed the spyware FinSpy which can be used to monitor Skype conversations, extract files from hard drives, record microphone use and emails, and even take screenshots and photos using a device’s camera.
According to research carried out by Citizen Lab and information published by Wikileaks, Finfisher was used to spy on prominent human rights lawyers and activists in Bahrain.
Amnesty International is urging governments to establish strict trade controls requiring national authorities to assess the risk that the surveillance equipment would be used to violate human rights before authorizing the transfer.
“Detekt is a great tool which can help activists stay safe but ultimately, the only way to prevent these technologies from being used to violate or abuse human rights is to establish and enforce strict controls on their use and trade,” said Marek Marczynski.
Amnesty International will use its networks to help activists across the world learn about Detekt and scan their devices for signs of spyware. It will also engage in testing with its local partners and networks who are considered at high-risk of being targeted by such spyware.
Source: Amnesty International
Guyyaan FDG naannoo Australia, magaalaa Melbourne keessatti bakka Hoogganootni ABO, miseensonnii fi hawaasti Oromoo hedduminaan irratti argamanitti guyyaa Sadaasa 23, 2014 sirna ho’aan kabajamee ooleera. Qindoomina ABO Konyaa Victoriatin sagantaa qophaa’e kun kan eegalame eebba maanguddoo, wareegamtoota yaadachuu fi faaruu alaabaan yeroo ta’u wareegamtoota walii galatti fincila Oromoo keessatti wareegama kaffalan ittiin yaadachuu fi muldhata ifa fuulduree QBO akeeku dungoon dhaloota haaraan qabsiifamee jira.
Haalaa fi sababa kabaja ayyaana guyyaa kanaa ibsuun sagantaan ayyaanichaa dura taa’aa ABO konyaa Victoria J/ Abdataa Homaatin eega banamee booda uummata ayyaana kana irratti argaman baga nagaan dhuftan jedhiiru.
Sadaasa 09, 2005 labsii fi waamicha ABO uumata Oromoof godheef owwaachuun fincila barattoonni, dargaggoonnii fi uummanni Oromoo gaggeessen bu’aa argame daran jabeessuu fi miidhaa mootummaan Wayyaanee irraan geessise yaadataa as ga’uu, har’a yeroo 9ffaaf biyya keessaa fi alatti uummata Oromoo biratti kabajamaa akka jiru kan hubaachiisan ammoo hooggana ABO kan ta’an J/ Gaashuu Lammeessaa miseensa GS fi Birkii Beeksisii fi Odeessii biyya Alaa ABO turani.
J/ Gaashuu Lammeessaa Oromoon sirna garboomsataa mootummoota Itiyophiyaa dhufaa darbanii irratti fincila gaggeessaa as ga’uu yaadachuun addatti ammoo fincila barattoonnii Oromoo fi uummanni keenya waamicha ABO 2005 dabarsee asitti mootummaa abbaa irree Wayyanee irratti gaggeessaa jiru gadi fageenyaan ibsa kennaniiru. Keessattuu heedummina barattootaa fi uummataa Oromoo FDG kanaan wal-qabatee tarkaanfii ajjeechaa baroota darban kana keessa mootummaa Wayyaaneen irratti raawwatame, addatti ammoo bara 2014 fincila barattootaa maqaa maaster plaanii magaalaa Finfinneen walqabtee gaggeeffamaa ture, godinaalee Oromiyaa hundaa keessaatti, hanga aanaaleetti gadi bu’uun gabaasa dhaqqabe irraatti hundaa’uun ibsa bal’aa kennaniiru. Dhimma gabasa kanaan walaqabatee odeeffannoo ragaan jiru bakka dhalootaa, haala maatii, sadarkaa barnootaa, umurii fi haala jireenya cuunfaa gabaasa kanaa fuula duratti hanga tokko mar-sariitii Qeerroo.org jedhu irratti ibsamuuf akka jiru hubachiisaniiru.
Kana malees yeroo ammaa mana hidhaa Wayyaanee kan beekamuu fi bakka hin beekamne keessatti hidhamanii dararaa daangaa hin qabne kan irratti raawwataa jiru, achi buuteen isaanii kan hin beekamnee fi biyyarraa ariiyataman hagana jechuun namadhiba jedhaniiru. Kun hundi ta’ee haalli har’a uummanni keenyaa fi barattooni Oromoo, addaatti Qeerroon biyya keessaa mootummaa Wayyaanee irratti fincila gaggeessu dabalaa fi jabaachaa dhufuu, Wayyaanee daran yaaddoo keessa galchuu hubachiisuun humna yeroo ammaa biyya keessaa socho’aa jiru kanaaf sagalee ta’uu fi waan nurraa eegamu maraan bira dhaabbachuun yeroon isaa amma jedhaniiru.
I appreciate Amnesty International’s report entitled – ‘Because I am Oromo: sweeping repression in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia’. The researcher, Claire Beston gathered her data through interviewing Oromo migrants in Kenya, Uganda, Somalilnad and in the West. The accounts presented in her research are extremely dire and shocking. However, had Claire done her research in Ethiopia, there could have been extremely disturbing accounts and photos. Claire’s findings are just ABCs, and the indepth ones are yet to be disclosed in further researches that should be done in country. This has inspired me again to go for further researches into the killing and arrest of Oromo people in Ethiopia. Hundereds of Oromos are missing everyday.
In a recent interview with a local media, Mr Abdulaziz Mohammed – the Vice President of Oromia Region stated that “No one is arrested and we don’t have any information about the arrest.” The Vice President’s single statement says two contrasting ideas at a time – denying the allegations of arrest and ignorant about the arrest. In the first place it is a shame for the Vice President to deny the reality on the ground – where more than 49 people were killed and 800 people have been arrested, tortured and imprisoned. These atrocities are in response to a series of demonstrations or protests by the Oromo people who demand the government to stop removing farmers from their ancestral homeland in the name of ‘development’. The demonstration at the initial stage was peaceful and in order before the government’s heavily armed security forces and the military started shooting and killing people. The harsh environment for the media in Ethiopia has made it absolutely difficult to get information about the depth of human right violations in Ethiopia. I was furious with the government’s intent to belittle the recent killings and human right abuses in many parts of Oromia – Ambo, Bale Robe, Adama, Bushoftu, Nekemte, Guder, Haromaya, Bulle Hora, Dire Dawa and many small towns in Western Oromia. I decided to visit the communities that have gone through these abuses and met with different people in a very cautious and careful way.
I made my first visit to Ambo – where the arrests and torturing are still taking place. I talked with mothers who have lost their children, and young men who have been beaten and tortured, and people who have survived dreadful bullet hits and bodily injury. Ambo stories are dreadful and shocking!
“My name is E.B. I am 18 years of age. I dropped out of grade 5 – to help my poor parents to make some income and buy food. I live in Ambo town – where I do a labor job. I joined Ambo University Student’s protest about the government’s decision to take away farmers land around Addis Ababa. The first day was peaceful. But on the third day of the protest – the morning of 30th April 2014 the government security men started shooting demonstrators. It was unbelievable and shocking to see the soldiers shooting at unarmed people. We started dispersing to save our lives. Everyone was running except some of the young men who were trying to turn and shout at the shooters. I was running when a young man before me fell into the ground. I stopped to help him. I kneeled down beside him and lifted him up from his head – his eyes were blinking too fast. He was bleeding from his head. He was hit by a bullet in the back of his head. While I was trying to help him, I felt a sharp sting in my back. I felt watered-down my lower chest. I left the dead young man there and I tried to run a few meters. I looked my bottom chest and saw that air was getting out through the bullet wound. The bullet hit me in the back and went through my lower chest. I was staggering and fell into the ground. I didn’t recognized what happened since then – before I regained my consciousness two days later in a local hospital. The room where I was lying was full of people who were wounded by bullets.”
E.B. was hit by three bullets in his back. His friends lifted him from where he fell and took him to hospital. One of the bullets went through his lower chest and two more remained in his belly. He had to go through operation – where the two bullets were removed with his infected pancreas. His parents covered the cost of his medication from their meager income – his father as a clinic security guard and his mother as a cook.
“The doctor told me that I shouldn’t do any labor job and be careful with my injury. He told me that as my pancreas has been removed, there is less likely to recover from any future wounds even if I am not even sure whether I am going to fully recover and survive the present injury. Oooops it is painful – can’t sleep comfortably. I am worried about my future as I still continue to depend on my parents since this young age or…?” Tear gushing down from his eyes…this shouldn’t have happened to me. We were protesting peacefully… we don’t deserve bullets in return!”